T'ai-chi


T'ai-chi is an internal Chinese martial art practiced for its defense training, its general health benefits and stress management.


T'ai-chi training involves five elements, taolu (solo hand and weapons routines/forms), neigong and qigong (breathing, movement and awareness exercises and meditation), tuishou (response drills) and sanshou (self defense techniques).


It is purported that focusing the mind solely on the movements of the form helps to bring about a state of mental calm and clarity.


The physical techniques of t‘ai-chi are described as being characterized by the use of leverage through the joints based on coordination and relaxation, rather than muscular tension, in order to neutralize, yield or initiate attacks. The slow, repetitive work involved in the process of learning how that leverage is generated gently and measurably increases, opens the internal circulation (breath, body heat, blood, lymph, peristalsis, etc.).


The study of t‘ai-chi primarily involves three aspects:

  • Health: An unhealthy or otherwise uncomfortable person may find it difficult to meditate to a state of calmness or to use t‘ai-chi as a martial art. T‘ai-chi's health training, therefore, concentrates on relieving the physical effects of stress on the body and mind. For those focused on t‘ai-chi's martial application, good physical fitness is an important step towards effective self-defense.
  • Meditation: The focus and calmness cultivated by the meditative aspect of t‘ai-chi is seen as necessary in maintaining optimum health (in the sense of relieving stress and maintaining homeostasis) and in application of the form as a soft style martial art.
  • Martial art: The ability to use t‘ai-chi as a form of self-defense in combatis the test of a student's understanding of the art. The use of t‘ai-chi as a martial art is quite challenging and requires a great deal of training.[12]

While T'ai Chi does not require a uniform, but both traditional and modern teachers often advocate loose, comfortable clothing and flat-soled shoes.[9][10]"


Link =  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tai_chi